What is a cookie?
A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored in your browser when you visit almost any web page. The utility of the cookie is that the web is able to remember your visit when you navigate the page again. Although many people do not know, cookies are being used for 20 years, when the first browsers for the World Wide Web appeared.
What is NOT a cookie?
It is not a virus, nor a trojan, nor a worm, nor spam, nor spyware, nor does it open pop-up windows.
What information does a cookie store?
Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about you, such as credit cards or bank details, photographs, your DNI or personal information, etc. The data they keep is of a technical nature, personal preferences, personalization of contents, etc.
The web server does not associate you as a person with your web browser. In fact, if you regularly browse with Internet Explorer and try browsing the same web with Firefox or Chrome, you will see that the web does not realize that you are the same person because you are actually associating the browser, not the person.
What types of cookies exist?
Technical cookies: They are the most basic and allow, among other things, to know when a human or an automated application is browsing, when an anonymous and registered user navigates, basic tasks for the operation of any dynamic web.
Analysis cookies: They collect information about the type of navigation you are doing, the sections that most use, the products consulted, the time frame of use, language, etc.
Advertising cookies: They show advertising based on their navigation, country of origin, language, etc.
What are the own cookies and those of third parties?
The own cookies are those generated by the page that you are visiting and those of third parties are those generated by services or external providers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if you turn off cookies?
In order to understand the scope that cookies may deactivate, we show you some examples:
You will not be able to share content on this website on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
The website will not be able to adapt the content to your personal preferences, as it usually happens in online stores.
You will not be able to access the personal area of that website, such as My Account, or My Profile or My Orders.
Online stores: It will be impossible for you to make purchases online, they will have to be telephonic or visit the physical store if you have it.
It will not be possible to customize your geographic preferences such as time zone, currency or language.
The website will not be able to carry out web analytics on visitors and traffic on the web, which will make the web more competitive.
You can not write to the blog, you can not upload photos, post comments, rate or rate content. The web will not be able to know if you are a human or an automated application that publishes spam.
Sectorized advertising can not be shown, which will reduce the advertising revenue of the web.
Can cookies be removed?
If. Not only eliminate, also block, in a general or particular way for a specific domain.
To remove cookies from a website you must go to your browser’s settings and there you can search for those associated to the domain in question and proceed to its elimination.
Configuration of cookies for the thinnest browsers
Here’s how to access a specific Chrome browser cookie. Note: These steps may vary depending on the browser version:
Go to Settings or Preferences through the File menu or by clicking the customization icon that appears above to the right.
You will see different sections, click on the option Show advanced options.
Go to Privacy, Content Settings.
Select All cookies and site data.
A list of all cookies ordered by domain will appear. To make it easier for you to find the cookies of a given domain, enter the entire address in the Search cookies field.
After making this filter, one or more lines will appear on the screen with the cookies on the web requested. Now you just have to select it and press the X to proceed to its elimination.
To access browser settings in Internet Explorer browser follow these steps (they may vary depending on the browser version):
Go to Tools, Internet Options
Click on Privacy.
Move the slider to adjust the level of privacy you want.
To access the browser settings of the Firefox browser follow these steps (they may vary depending on the browser version):
Go to Options or Preferences according to your operating system.
Click on Privacy.
In History, choose Use a custom configuration for the history.
You will now see the Accept Cookies option, you can activate or deactivate it according to your preferences.
To access the cookies configuration of the Safari browser for OSX follow these steps (they may vary depending on the browser version):
Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
In this place you will see the Lock cookies option to adjust the type of lock you want to perform.
To access the Safari browser cookies configuration for iOS follow these steps (they may vary depending on the browser version):
Go to Settings, then Safari.
Go to Privacy and Security, you will see the Lock cookies option to adjust the type of lock you want to perform.
To access browser cookies settings for Android devices follow these steps (they may vary depending on the browser version):
Run the browser and press the Menu key, then Settings.
Go to Security and Privacy, you will see the Accept Cookies option to activate or deactivate the box.
To access browser cookies settings for Windows Phone devices follow these steps (they may vary depending on the browser version):
Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Settings
You can now activate or deactivate the Allow cookies box.